Tolle Angebote bei eBay für 1st playing cards. Sicher einkaufen. The Deuce (German: Daus, plural: Däuser) is the playing card with the highest value in German Hütleins , , in: Das Kloster, ed. by J. Scheible, Vol, 2: Fischarts kleinere Schriften, Stuttgart und Leipzig , p; here quoted by. King of Hearts - vintage tobacco playing card Jack Of Hearts, King Of Hearts, Royal optik playing card deck by uusi - kickstarter + design + in игра.
English-German Dictionarypeople on Pinterest. See more ideas about cards, playing cards, playing cards design. J♤ Uusi's Royal Optik Playing Cards. the Simpsons. Jack (Spielkarte) - Jack (playing card). Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. "Knave of Hearts" leitet hier weiter. Für andere Verwendungen. Tolle Angebote bei eBay für 1st playing cards. Sicher einkaufen.
J Playing Card Navigation menu VideoCasino Royale - Poker Scene 2 Kadar Sees - Kadar Knows ' Erinnerst du dich an diese seltsamen alten Wahrsagemaschinen, die in heruntergekommenen Spielhallen sitzen? Was ist, wenn. magic-form-epinay.com English-German Dictionary: Translation for jack [playing card]. people on Pinterest. See more ideas about cards, playing cards, playing cards design. J♤ Uusi's Royal Optik Playing Cards. the Simpsons. The Deuce (German: Daus, plural: Däuser) is the playing card with the highest value in German Hütleins , , in: Das Kloster, ed. by J. Scheible, Vol, 2: Fischarts kleinere Schriften, Stuttgart und Leipzig , p; here quoted by.
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Works with : rakudo version Works with : Ruby version 2. The modern Mexican pattern also has female knaves. The figure of the jack has been used in many literary works throughout history.
Among these is one by 17th-century English writer Samuel Rowlands. The Four Knaves is a series of Satirical Tracts, with Introduction and Notes by E.
Rimbault, upon the subject of playing cards. His "The Knave of Clubbs: Tis Merry When Knaves Meet" was first published in , then again in and In accordance with a promise at the end of this book, Rowlands went on with his series of Knaves, and in wrote "The Knave of Harts: Haile Fellowe, Well Meet", where his "Supplication to Card-Makers" appears,  thought to have been written to the English manufacturers who copied to the English decks the court figures created by the French.
The cards shown here are from a Paris pattern deck where the rank is known as the "valet" , and include the historical and mythological names associated with them.
The English pattern of the jacks can be seen in the photo at the top of the article. The jack, traditionally the lowest face card, has often been promoted to a higher or the highest position in the traditional ranking of cards, where the ace or king generally occupied the first rank.
This is seen in the earliest known European card games, such as Karnöffel , as well as in more recent ones such as Euchre.
Games with such promotion include:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This invention is attributed to a French card maker of Agen in But the French government, which controlled the design of playing cards, prohibited the printing of cards with this innovation.
In central Europe Trappola cards and Italy Tarocco Bolognese the innovation was adopted during the second half of the 18th century.
In Great Britain, the pack with reversible court cards was patented in by Edmund Ludlow and Ann Wilcox. The French pack with this design was printed around by Thomas Wheeler.
Sharp corners wear out more quickly, and could possibly reveal the card's value, so they were replaced with rounded corners.
Before the midth century, British, American, and French players preferred blank backs. The need to hide wear and tear and to discourage writing on the back led cards to have designs, pictures, photos, or advertising on the reverse.
The United States introduced the joker into the deck. It was devised for the game of euchre , which spread from Europe to America beginning shortly after the American Revolutionary War.
In euchre, the highest trump card is the Jack of the trump suit, called the right bower from the German Bauer ; the second-highest trump, the left bower , is the jack of the suit of the same color as trumps.
The joker was invented c. Columbia University 's Rare Book and Manuscript Library holds the Albert Field Collection of Playing Cards, an archive of over 6, individual decks from over 50 countries and dating back to the s.
Since , Vanderbilt University has been home to the 1,volume George Clulow and United States Playing Card Co.
Gaming Collection , which has been called one of the "most complete and scholarly collections [of books on cards and gaming] that has ever been gathered together".
Contemporary playing cards are grouped into three broad categories based on the suits they use: French, Latin, and Germanic.
Latin suits are used in the closely related Spanish and Italian formats. The Swiss-German suits are distinct enough to merit their subcategory.
Excluding jokers and tarot trumps, the French card deck preserves the number of cards in the original Mamluk deck, while Latin and Germanic decks average fewer.
Latin decks usually drop the higher-valued pip cards, while Germanic decks drop the lower-valued ones. Within suits, there are regional or national variations called "standard patterns.
Some patterns have been around for hundreds of years. Jokers are not part of any pattern as they are a relatively recent invention and lack any standardized appearance so each publisher usually puts its own trademarked illustration into their decks.
The wide variation of jokers has turned them into collectible items. Any card that bore the stamp duty like the ace of spades in England, the ace of clubs in France or the ace of coins in Italy are also collectible as that is where the manufacturer's logo is usually placed.
Usually the cards have their indices printed in the upper left and lower right corners, assuming they will be held in the left hand of a right-handed person.
This design is often uncomfortable for left-handed people who may prefer to hold their cards in the right hand. To mitigate this issue non-biased designs exist, that have indices in all four corners of the card.
French decks come in a variety of patterns and deck sizes. The card deck is the most popular deck and includes 13 ranks of each suit with reversible "court" or face cards.
Each suit includes an ace , depicting a single symbol of its suit, a king, queen, and jack, each depicted with a symbol of their suit; and ranks two through ten, with each card depicting that number of pips of its suit.
As well as these 52 cards, commercial packs often include between one and six jokers, most often two. Decks with fewer than 52 cards are known as stripped decks.
The piquet pack has all values from 2 through 6 in each suit removed for a total of 32 cards. It is popular in France, the Low Countries , Central Europe and Russia and is used to play piquet , belote , bezique and skat.
It is also used in the Sri Lankan, whist-based game known as omi. Forty-card French suited packs are common in northwest Italy; these remove the 8s through 10s like Latin suited decks.
A pinochle deck consists of two copies of a 24 card schnapsen deck, thus 48 cards. The 78 card tarot nouveau adds the knight card between queens and jacks along with 21 numbered trumps and the unnumbered Fool.
Today the process of making playing cards is highly automated. Large sheets of paper are glued together to create a sheet of pasteboard ; the glue may be black or dyed another dark color to increase the card stock's opacity.
In the industry, this black compound is sometimes known as "gick". After the desired imagery is etched into printing plates , the art is printed onto each side of the pasteboard sheet, which is coated with a textured or smooth finish, sometimes called a varnish or print coating.
These coatings can be water- or solvent-based, and different textures and visual effects can be achieved by adding certain dyes or foils, or using multiple varnish processes.
The pasteboard is then split into individual uncut sheets , which are cut into single cards and sorted into decks. The tuck box may have a seal applied.
Card manufacturers must pay special attention to the registration of the cards, as non-symmetrical cards can be used to cheat.
Gambling corporations commonly have playing cards made specifically for their casinos. As casinos go through large numbers of decks each day, they may sometimes resell used cards that were "on the [casino] floor".
The cards sold to the public are altered, either by cutting the deck's corners or by punching a hole in the deck  to prevent these cards from being used in the casino to cheat.
Because of the long history and wide variety in designs, playing cards are also collector's items. Custom decks may be produced for myriad purposes.
Across the world, both individuals and large companies such as United States Playing Card Company USPCC design and release many different styles of decks,  including commemorative decks  and souvenir decks.
In , the JPL Gallery in London commissioned a card deck from a variety of contemporary British artists including Maggie Hambling , Patrick Heron , David Hockney , Howard Hodgkin , John Hoyland , and Allen Jones called "The Deck of Cards".
Police departments,  local governments, state prison systems,  and even private organizations  across the United States have created decks of cards that feature photos, names, and details of cold case victims or missing persons on each card.
Among inmates, they may be called "snitch cards". Unicode 7. The Unicode names for each group of four glyphs are 'black' and 'white' but might have been more accurately described as 'solid' and 'outline' since the colour actually used at display or printing time is an application choice.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Card used for playing many card games. The associations of cards with gambling also led many a government to seek a piece of the action.
Some countries made card manufacture a state monopoly under pain of fine, imprisonment, and even death to forgers.
Others contented themselves with charging a tax on manufacture. The elaborate design of the ace of spades in British decks of cards recalls the now defunct 18th-century convention of applying the tax authorization stamp to this particular card see Stamp Act.
Despite advances in printing and manufacture and the never-diminishing popularity of games, playing-card manufacture remains a highly specialized and competitive market.
In the 20th century many traditional suppliers went out of business or were absorbed into larger companies.
The most successful and universally recognized deck of cards is that based on a complement of 52, divided into four suits, each containing 13 ranks, so that each card is uniquely identifiable by suit and rank.
The suitmarks of the international, or standard, deck indicate two black and two red suits—namely spades, clubs, hearts, and diamonds.
In most Western card games, the numeral 1 is designated ace and marked A accordingly. In games based on the superiority of one rank over another, such as most trick-taking games, the ace counts highest, outranking even the king.
In games based on numerical value, the ace normally counts 1, as in cribbage , or 11, as an option in blackjack. Standard decks normally contain two or more additional cards, designated jokers, each depicting a traditional court jester.
Few games employ them, and those that do use them in different ways.